What exactly are sculptures? You could think of it as art in 3D (three dimensions)! Sculptures can be made by carving, modelling or placing materials together. They can be made out of stone, wood, clay or any other material the artist wants to use!
Interestingly the artist Lawrence Weiner calls himself a sculptor (someone that makes sculptures), although he mainly make artworks with words on walls. Do you think this is sculpture?
Lawrence Weiner, TIED UP IN KNOTS 1988 © Lawrence Weiner
So sculpture can be lots of things. It could even be you! I’ve picked my Top 5. What do you think?
5. Little Dancer Aged Fourteen, Edward Degas
Edgar Degas, Little Dancer Aged Fourteen, 1880–1, cast c.1922 c. Tate
Degas often drew and painted ballet dancers and then he made this sculpture of his favourite ballet student at the Paris Opera. He made her out of bronze and dressed her in silk and made her a tutu. This is one of the most popular artworks at Tate. We’ve even made a film about her!
4. Spring, Dame Barbara Hepworth
Dame Barbara Hepworth, Spring ,1965, cast 1966 © Bowness, Hepworth Estate
This artwork is called Spring. Dame Barbara Hepworth based many of her sculptures on shapes found in nature. She was inspired by pebbles, shells, cliffs and the sea. She was interested, not only in how a sculpture looks, but how it feels and even how it smells. If this sculpture smelt like spring, what would it smell like?
3. Mobile, Alexander Calder
Alexander Calder, Mobile, c.1932, © ARS, NY and DACS, London 2014
Imagine Alexander’s Calder’s Mobile gracefully floating above you. He uses primary colours and basic shapes to make his abstract sculptures. Movement was important to Alexander and he loved music and dance. We’re very excited as we have an entire Alexander Calder exhibition coming to Tate next year! Can’t wait!
2. Stack, Tony Cragg
Tony Cragg, Stack, 1975 © DACS 2014
Lots of artists make sculptures out of scrap or found materials. Stack is a perfect example of this. Look at all those layers! That’s a lot of materials in a tight cube! How do you think it was made?
1. Sahara Circle, Richard Long
Richard Long, Sahara Circle, 1988 © Richard Long
Sahara Circle was made by Richard Long during a very long walk in Algeria. Richard Long makes his art in the landscape using natural materials likes rocks and twigs. He often places his materials in circles or in straight lines. Next time you are on a walk, maybe you could make a sculpture with the materials you find?
Is your favourite in my Top 5? Let me know what your favourite sculpture is in the comments below!
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